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A Just and Lasting Peace

A Documentary History of Reconstruction

John David Smith - Author

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ISBN 9781101617465 | 640 pages | 07 May 2013 | Signet Classic | 18 - AND UP
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This anthology of primary documents traces Reconstruction in the aftermath of the Civil War, chronicling the way Americans—Northern, Southern, black, and white—responded to the changes unleashed by the surrender at Appomattox and the end of slavery.
 
Showcasing an impressive collection of original documents, including government publications, newspaper articles, speeches, pamphlets, and personal letters, this book captures the voices of a broad range of Americans, including Civil War veterans, former slaveholders, Northerners living in the South, and African-American men and women who lived through one of the most trying, complex, and misunderstood periods of American history.


Introduction

Chronology of Reconstruction

Part I: Wartime Reconstruction

“An Act for the Release of certain Persons held to Service or Labor in the District of Columbia ” (April 16, 1862)

Abraham Lincoln, “Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation” (September 22, 1862)

Abraham Lincoln, “Emancipation Proclamation” (January 1, 1863)

“Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction” (December 8, 1863)

The Wade-Davis Bill (February 15, 1864)

Lincoln ’s Response to the Wade-Davis Bill (July 8, 1864)

The Wade-Davis Manifesto (August 5, 1864)

Henry Highland Garnet, “Let the Monster Perish” (February 12, 1865)

“An Act to establish a Bureau for the Relief of Freedmen and Refugees” (March 3, 1865)

Abraham Lincoln, “Second Inaugural Address” (March 4, 1865)

Part II: Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-67

Charles Sumner, “Right and Duty of Colored Fellow-Citizens in the Organization of Government” (May, 13, 1865)

Andrew Johnson, “Proclamation Establishing Government for North Carolina ” (May 29, 1865)

Andrew Johnson, “Amnesty Proclamation” (May 29, 1865)

Emily Waters to My Dear Husband (July 16, 1865)

Thaddeus Stevens, “Reconstruction” (September 6, 1865)

“A Freedmen’s Bureau Officer Reports on Conditions in Mississippi ” (September, 1865)

“From Edisto Island Freedmen to Andrew Johnson” (October 28, 1865)

Andrew Johnson, “Message to Congress” (December 4, 1865)

Amendment 13 (Ratified December 6, 1865)

“Report of Carl Schurz on the States of South Carolina , Georgia , Alabama , Mississippi , and Louisiana ” (December 19, 1865)

Laws of the State of Mississippi (1866)

Joseph S. Fullerton to Andrew Johnson (February 9, 1866)

John Richard Dennett, “Vicksburg, Miss., March 8, 1866”

Part III:

Charles Sumner to the Duchess of Argyll (April 3, 1866)

The Civil Rights Act of 1866 (April 9, 1866)

Benjamin C. Truman, “Relative to the condition of the southern people and the States in which the rebellion existed” (April 9, 1866)

Carl Schurz, “The Logical Results of the War” (September 8, 1866)

Statement of Rhoda Ann Childs (September 25, 1866)

George Fitzhugh, “ Camp Lee and the Freedman’s [sic] Bureau” (October 1866)

Frederick Douglass, “Reconstruction” (December 1866)

“President Johnson’s Message” (December 3, 1866)

Claude August Crommelin, A Young Dutchman Views Post-Civil War America (December 1866)

Henry Latham, Black and White: A Journal of a Three Months' Tour in the United States (1867)

“An Act to Provide for more efficient government of the Rebel States” (March 2, 1867)

Editorial in Charlottesville Chronicle on Radical Reconstruction (March 6, 1867)

“The Prospect of Reconstruction” (March 14, 1867)

“Impeachment from a Legal Point of View” (March 14, 1867)

“Congress and the Constitution” (March 28, 1867)

“The Prospect at the South” (March 28, 1867)

“Land for the Landless” (May 16, 1867)

The Reconstruction Act: Pro and Con (June 27 and 28, 1867)

“The Freedmen” (July 1867)

Thaddeus Stevens, “Reconstruction” (July 9, 1867)

“The Negro’s Claim to Office” (August 1, 1867)

“Samson Agonistes at Washington ”

George Fitzhugh, “Cui Bono?—The Negro Vote” (September 17, 1867)

“The Virginia Election” (October 31, 1867)

“What Shall We Do with the Indians?” (October 31, 1867)

Andrew Johnson, “Third Annual Message” (December 3, 1867)

J.T. Trowbridge, A Picture of the Desolated States; and the work of Restoration, 1865-1868 (1868)

Cornelia Hancock to Philadelphia Friends Association for the Aid and Elevation of the Freedmen (January 1868)

Francis L. Cardozo, “Break Up the Plantation System” (January 14, 1868)

“The Impeachment,” New York Times, February 24, 1868

S.A. Atkinson, “The Supreme Hour has Come” (March 13, 1868)

“Karinus,” Letter to the Editor—“Equal Suffrage in Michigan ” (March 17, 1868)

“This Little Boy would Persist in Handling Books above His Capacity”

Thaddeus Stevens, “Speech on Impeachment Trial of Andrew Johnson” (April 27, 1868)

“The Result of the Trial” (May 21, 1868)

Republican National Platform of 1868 (1868)

Carey Styles, “Not Our ‘Brother’” (June 24, 1868)

Amendment 14 (Ratified July 9, 1868)

Henry McNeal Turner, “I Claim the Rights of a Man” (September 3, 1868)

“Remarks of William E. Mathews” (January 1869)

Ulysses S. Grant, “Inaugural Address” (March 4, 1869)

Lydia Maria Child, “Homesteads” (March 28, 1869)

Amendment 15 (Ratified February 3, 1870)

Frederick Douglass, “At Last, At Last, the Black Man has a Future” (April 22, 1870)

Carl Schurz, “Enforcement of the Fifteenth Amendment” (May 19, 1870)

“An Act to enforce the Right of Citizens of the United States to vote in the several States of this Union , and for other purposes” (May 31, 1870)

Proceedings of the Ku Klux Trials at Columbia , S.C. in the United States Circuit Court, November Term, 1871 (1872)

Hiram R. Revels, “Abolish Separate Schools” (1871)

Robert Brown Elliott, “The Amnesty Bill” (March 14, 1871)

“An Act to enforce the Provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States , and for other purposes” (April 20, 1871)

Part IV: Reconstruction’s End and Legacy

Charles Stearns, The Black Man of the South, and the Rebels; or, The Characteristics of the Former, and the Recent Outrages of the Latter (1872)

Thomas Nast, “The Man with the (Carpet) Bags”

James S. Pike, The Prostrate State (1874)

Robert Browne Elliott, “The Civil Rights Bill” (January 6, 1874)

John Mercer Langston, “Equality before the Law” (May 17, 1874)

James T. Rapier, “Civil Rights” (June 9, 1874)

“An act to protect all citizens in their civil and legal rights” (March 1, 1875)

“The Negro Spirit” (July 21, 1876)

Carl Schurz, “Hayes versus Tilden” (August 31, 1876)

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, “Some War Scenes Revisited” (July 1878)

D.H. Chamberlain, “Reconstruction and the Negro” (February 1879)

Civil Rights Cases and Justice Harlan’s Dissent (1883)

Washington Lafayette Clayton, Olden Times Revisited (1906)

From Lay My Burden Down: A Folk History of Slavery (1945)


Sources of the Texts


End Notes


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