Consider the Lily
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Elizabeth Buchan is known to thousands of readers as the bestselling author of the novels Revenge of the Middle-Aged Woman, The Good Wife Strikes Back, and Everything She Thought She Wanted. Now, fans are treated to a different side of Buchan with the reissue of her novel set between the two world warsher prize-winning Consider the Lily.
The lily is a "flower that keeps its secrets," explains Harry, the wise and mysterious sometimes-narrator of this family saga. Indeed, secrets, both past and present, play a powerful role in the story, and shape the lives of its three main characters, Daisy, Matty, and Kit.
Kit Dysart and Daisy Chudleigh are both charming and beautiful, a natural match, and soon after meeting they fall in love. Their romance and obvious happiness together is difficult for Daisyís cousin, Matty Veral, to watch. Matty is not blessed with Daisyís beauty or charm and has lived her life thus far in Daisyís shadow. But Matty does possess something Daisy does not: her parentsí fortune. And though Matty seems quiet and unemotional, there is a "dark edge to her spirita place where anger and jealousy met and cohabited" (p. 58). Perhaps this is why she asks Kit to marry her when the stock markets crash and Kitís family is in danger of losing everything, including their beautiful estate, Hinton Dysart.
Kit agrees to marry Matty to save his familyís future but continues to yearn for Daisy, leaving Matty with a distant husband and a house that seems alive only with ghosts from the past. Matty fills her days restoring Hinton Dysart to its former glory and, in the process, discovers a neglected garden that she begins to tend and nurture, as she waits in vain to conceive a child.
In the meantime, Daisy must deal with her own demons. Knowing that Kit loves her is small consolation when faced with the reality that he is married to another woman. When she discovers she is pregnant with Kitís child, she is faced with a very painful dilemma: she chooses to have the baby but knows that raising him alone will brand them both for life.
Back at Hinton Dysart, Matty brings both the house and garden back to life, and in the process unearths her husbandís family secrets. Opening this door to Kitís past seems to bring him closer to her, and he begins to see Matty in a new light. When Kit brings home his newborn son, Daisyís child, and asks if they could raise him together, Matty agrees, and it looks as if they may have a future together after all.
Consider the Lily is a beautiful story of loss and renewal, betrayal and loyalty, but perhaps most importantly, lovethat powerful force that can cause us to act in destructive ways, or lead us to the most unselfish sacrifices. As Harry so eloquently states at the close of the novel, "in the end love can grant us a future . . . and the grace of a long, contented life."
Elizabeth Buchan is the author of several highly acclaimed books of fiction and non-fiction. She lives in London with her husband and two children.
Since so many of your fans know you as the author of Revenge of the Middle-Aged Woman, The Good Wife Strikes Back, and most recently Everything She Thought She Wanted, could you talk a bit about where Consider the Lily falls in your "writerly life" and how your subject matter has (or has not) changed? How have you changed as a novelist (and perhaps as a person) since writing Consider the Lily?
The early years in a writer's life are ones, necessarily, of experimentation. There is often, too, a recognizable pattern. Like many writers searching to find form and voice, I began by using historical backdropsthe French Revolution, the Second World Warin order to stand characters up against them and to draw out stories that involve extremes of courage, daring, passion, etc. Consider the Lily forms a bridge between the first novels and the later ones, in which I am interested in tracing the patterns on what Jane Austen called "the square of ivory" and which rely less on those frameworks provided by historical events.
In Consider the Lily, there are definite echoes of Frances Hodgson Burnett's The Secret Garden and, one could argue, even of Edith Wharton's House of Mirth and Henry James's Daisy Miller. Did any of these books serve as an inspiration? Several years ago you said in an interview that you admired Jane Austen, George Eliot, Flaubert, Tolstoy, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Evelyn Waugh, Ian McEwan, and Margaret Atwood. Have you added some new authors to your list? What authors are currently inspiring you?
Certainly, there are books that sink down into the psyche and The Secret Garden is one of them and I devoured it as a child. It was there at the back of my mind as I wrote Consider the Lily. Henry James and Edith Wharton are certainly authors I admire hugely, but I was not consciously drawing on themexcept perhaps in touching on the theme of the New World encountering the Old World.
There are so many authors I admire and I feel I will never have time to read them all, Siri Hustvedt being a new favorite. And, of course, anything by Anne Tyler.
Setting the novel during the interwar period in England has a significant impact on the plot and character development. Could you speak about how you came to choose this time period, and about how characters are shaped by the time and place in which they live?
The Great War did more than decimate a generation of young men. It also killed off a certain optimism and lightness of spirit. Those who were left had to cope with re-fashioning political, moral, and philosophical thought. They also had to rethink social attitudes. It was a decade of tremendous struggle allied with tremendous frivolitya juxtaposition that resulted in huge tensions. The great country houses and their way of life were on the way out, and adjustment resulted in personal tragedies, but also positive developments, too.
Besides the obvious historical details and research involved, what are the main differences that you experienced in writing about the present day verses life in 1929? Is it easier or harder to set a novel in a different time period? How so?
I have come to the conclusion that it is the hardest thing of all to write a historical novel that convinces. There is more than a grain of truth in the adage: all historical novels are about the present. It is very, very difficult to put oneself in a mindset that is totally different from one's own. Every word, every sentence has to be rigorously examined to set that it passes the "veracity" test. Just a tiny example: writing as a woman who has always earned her living, it is almost impossible to imagine what it must have been like to have no experience of that whatsoever.
The gardening information in Consider the Lily is so detailed, and the use of the metaphor beautifully done. Would you talk a bit about your personal interest in gardening (or your fascination with it) and how you use this in your work?
Don't get me started! The chief thing about gardening is that you never stop learning. Doing the research for Consider the Lily was one of my happiest times as, night after night, I would spread out my books and dive into the history and theory of gardening. I must have filled ten notebooks. It was all the more exciting because gardening is perfect metaphor for many of the things I try and tackle in the noveldeath, waiting, rebirth, growth. A garden is somewhat akin to a family. You have good generations and bad ones. There are the unexpected triumphs and the corners where nothing flourishes. None of it is ever truly predictable. One thing is certain, however, working in the garden yields the richest and deepest of pleasures, and I wanted to give Matty the chance, through that experience, to pull together the aspects of herself and to heal the darkness in her.
All of your books have dealt with marriage in one way or another, and Consider the Lily brings up some very interesting questions on the topic: Do you think it is youthful folly to marry out of pure love without taking the practical matters (money, etc.) into consideration? Or do you think there are times when it actually makes sense to marry for these reasons?
This is a very tricky question. To some extent, it depends entirely on the individuals concerned. But, I think, it has also to do with age. When you are young, taking a risk and following your emotions is much easier. When you older, then other considerations do come into play. Obviously, cultural attitudes play a part. Both approaches have their successes and their tragedies. Clearly, for Kit there were good reasons to marry someone who offered him the chance of redeeming his house. His decision comes at a price. Yet, he also knew that, in accepting Matty, he was marrying someone sound and kind.
Money plays an enormous role in the story and affects all of the character's choices. Do you think the importance of money in people's lives, or our attitudes toward wealth, have changed since 1929? Today are we more defined by the amount of money we have or less so?
Love and money have always preoccupied novelistsparticularly nineteenth-century ones. One just has to think of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice or Flaubert's Emma Bovary, who was driven to suicide because of her debts. I don't think it is very different today except for one factor: we no longer associate wealth with class in the same way. Yet to ignore money as a factor that drives our decisions is to ignore a fundamental consideration. Even if we decide to dispense with money, or opt for a very simple life without its comforts, it suggests that we have thought about it.
As an artist, you control the world that your characters inhabit. Would you talk about your choice to include Matty's "visions" of the little girl and how they reflect the nature of the textual world she inhabits? Is Matty hysterical, as Dr. Robin Lofts suspects, or does she really see a ghost?
Matty is at a pivotal stage. She is consumed by yearning and has placed herself in a position that consolidates her fear that she is "unlovable." The extreme disturbance of her emotions could be termed a semi-hysterical state in which it is perfectly possible she may "see" a manifestation of that which she longs for: a child.
The psychoanalytic explanation might also be that she is seeing "herself"the restless, unhappy orphaned child, and, in marrying it to the story of Rose Dysart who died, she is trying to kill off the unhappy child in herself in order to emerge as a healed adult.
As a British author who's highly successful here in the States, what would you say the differences are (if any) between the two audiences? Why do you think American audiences connect so well with your characters?
Thank you for the compliment. I am not sure that American and British readers differ greatly insofar as they demand high standards and novels that both nourish and entertain them (in the widest sense). But, as I love to read American novels with all their details about American life and society, perhaps Americans enjoy a British flavor in the same way. If a novelist can create and sustain characters who breathe on the page and whose experiences touch on aspect of our lives, then it must follow they have an appeal that is universal.
What are you working on now?
A sequel to Revenge of the Middle-Aged Woman entitled Wives Behaving Badly. Its themes are reconciliation and surprise.
- "When you boiled down into words the feelings and sensations, probing, speculations and dreamings of a love affair, they did not add up to anything much. That was the paradox. Or was it a tragedy?" Kit asks himself, upon reflecting on his own love affair with Daisy and that of his sister Flora with Robin Lofts (p. 327). Do you agree? Do you think Kit ultimately did the right thing by marrying Matty? What would have happened if he had said no to Matty and married Daisy? Could they have had asuccessful marriage? When, if ever, do you think it might be okay to marry for practical reasons alone?
- The manor house, Hinton Dysart, is almost as a character itself. Discuss the role that the house plays in the story. How important are our homes, or where we live, in defining who we are? Daisy tells Kit that he is a prisoner of his home (p. 64). What do you think of her assessment?
- Why do you think the author injects Harry's voice into the novel? Who is Harry, and what is his own history? How does that history influence his point of view?
- After recovering from a personal tragedy, Matty returns to her work in the garden and "out of Matty's grief was born a moment of exultation, and the conviction that, at last, she had found her place. She was the garden, the garden was Matty, and they were both living" (p. 220). This is just one example of the author's use of the garden as a metaphor throughout the story.
How is it used in other places in the novel? Why do you think Matty never liked lilies, only roses (p. 43) and what do the two flowers symbolize? What is the meaning of the title Consider the Lily?
- What other famously doomed relationships does Daisy and Kit's remind you of? Do such relationships have anything to teach the rest of us?
- In addition to the three main players there are many secondary charactersSir Rupert, Robin, Florawho are very important to the story. Discuss a few of your favorite secondary characters and the importance of their roles in the story.
- Do you think Hesther and Edwin were having an incestuous relationship? What do you think the exact nature of Rupert and Danny's relationship is? Harry and Thomas's? Why do you think the author leaves these questions ambiguous? Would it have made
a difference in the novel if these relationships had been clearly defined? If so, how?
- When Matty finally tells Kit he is free to marry Daisy (p. 414), why doesn't he? And when Kit finds out Daisy has given birth to their son, why doesn't he leave Matty then?
- Did Daisy do the right thing by handing over her child to Kit? If you were Matty, could you have taken the child in and raised him as your own?
- By the end of the novel, with whom do you find yourself sympathizing with the mostDaisy, Matty, or Kitand why?
- If you are one of the many fans of Elizabeth Buchan's other novels, consider ways in which this novel is different. What are some similarities?